Learning The Definitive- A Guide to Italian Articles
The Definitive is the most common and basic article of the Italian language. Before getting acquainted with any language, it is essential to learn the grammar of it first. Also, Articles are the primary step for learning grammar. Like most of the languages, the Italian language also has two types of articles;- the definite articles and the indefinite articles. We use the Italian Indefinite Articles for both masculine and feminine nouns. Therefore, A distinguishing feature of this language is that no indefinite article is there to indicate nouns in plural forms.
Details Of The Definitive
Unlike the Indefinite Articles, the definite articles sit with specific nouns. The Italian language has seven definite articles. Although it sounds quite huge, there is nothing to panic about. The articles are very easy to learn and to use. Let us study these articles in detail:-
The definitives are different for singular and plural forms and also differentiated according to gender and the first letter of a word. They are popularly known as L’articolo Determinativo in the Italian. It is similar to the English article ‘the’.
The Singular types are,
lo(LO) used for masculine nouns beginning with z or s+ consonant
il(IL) used for masculine nouns beginning with other consonants. Example- lo zucchero(the sugar),
il castello(the castle)
la(LA) used for feminine nouns beginning with any consonant. Example- la scatola(the box)
l’ used for both masculine and feminine nouns starting with a vowel. Example-l’ acqua (feminine sense)
The Plural types are;
Gli-used for masculine or feminine nouns beginning with vowels,z, cluster gn, or cluster s+consonant. For example:gli artisti(the artists) (feminine)
gli elefanti(the elephants) (masculine)
There are other plural types, also such as I, le.
Definite Articles With Prepositions
Also, Along with the masculine, feminine, singular, and plural forms, definite articles also combine with some prepositions. When we apply these articles after a preposition in the Italian language, it is like contractions in English. For example, instead of ‘they are’, we can write “they’re” in English. But using these forms is not mandatory in English.
In contrast, it is mandatory to combine the words suitably whenever we are placing a definite article after a preposition in the Italian. Some of the most common types of combinations are as follows;-
- A (same as to). Example: Ha dato la mela el cane. (I gave the apple the dog)
- Di (of). We change forms of di like del or Dello/Della, dei, Degli, delle. Example: Ho Bisogno del computer. (I need the computer)
- Da (from). We use forms like dal, dallo, Dalla, dai, dagli. Example: Sono tornato dallo sport. (I returned from sport)
However, There are many other types of such definite articles used with prepositions.
The above rules hold good in most of the cases. Some masculine words, besides those ending with ‘o,’ have the articles’ un’ or ‘il’ placed before them. For example, words ending with –ore, like colore color) or words ending with-ema, like problema(problem). In the same way, besides the nouns ending with –a, some feminine words take the articles una and la. The definitive articles have more frequent uses in Italian than in English.